SENSITIVITAS KUMAN NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS YANG DIISOLASI DARI JAMAAH HAJI INDONESIA TERHADAP BEBERAPA ANTIBIOTIK

Muljati Prijanto, Sarwo Handayani, Diana Gunadi, Yusharmen Yusharmen, Farida Siburian, Sumarno Sumarno, Sri Surianingsih

SENSITIVITAS KUMAN NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS YANG DIISOLASI DARI JAMAAH HAJI INDONESIA TERHADAP BEBERAPA ANTIBIOTIK

Abstract


The meningitis meningococcal disease caused by Neisseriae meningitidis is an infection of meninges and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the brain and the spinal cord. N. meningitidis is classified into 13 serogroups based on the immunologic reactivity of the capsular polysaccharide.

Since 1993 the number of cases and carriers of haj pilgrims from Indonesia have increased. In 1996 the carrier rate was 9,4%, and case fatality rate of Indonesian haj pilgrims in Saudi Arabia was 71,4%. The dominant serogroup was serogroup B. The meningitis vaccine of serogroup B is not available yet.

Until now there is not enough information of the laboratory results from the hospital in Saudi Arabia, regarding the strain that caused the infection of haj pilgrims from Indonesia. To prevent transmission of the disease among Haj pilgrims, since 1997, chemoprophylaxis with ciprofloxacine has been given to close contact persons of haj pilgrim patient. The objectives of this study are: First, to know the effectiveness of ciprofloxacin in decreasing the carrier rate of meningitis meningococcus in haj pilgrims. Second, to identify the serogroup of N. meningitidis isolated from carrier or patient and thirdly to know the sensitivity of bacteria to several antibiotics recommended by WHO.

Nasofaringeal swabs were taken from 914 haj pilgrims from group of contact person of cases or suspected cases and 311 haj pilgrims from control group at embarkation in Jakarta. Ciprofloxacin was given to the study group in Saudi Arabia. Isolation and serogrouping were carried out for serogroup A, B, C.

The result shows that the effectiveness of ciprofloxacin to N. meningitidis in the treated group were 98.58% and control were 85.54%, respectively.

The serogroup of N. meningitidis is isolated from 13 carriers of treated group 69,23% could not be classified as serogroup A, B, or C. In the control group, 45 isolated strains from carriers consist of serogroup B 40%, serogroup C 28,9%, serogroup A 20%. Most strains of isolated bacteria were resistant against rifampicin, the antibiotic given as prophylaxis to haj pilgrims before 1997.

Further study is needed to identify virulence strain from haj pilgrims and population, and to know the prevalence of the disease in Indonesia

Keywords


Neisseria Meningitidis; Antibiotics

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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research, p-ISSN: 0125-9695. e-ISSN: 2338-3453) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
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