Angka Kematian dan Faktor Risiko Stroke Sebagai Penyebab Dasar Kematian di Kabupaten Padang Pariaman Provinsi Sumatera Barat

Laurentia Konadi, Dina Bisara, Lannywati Ghani, Lamria Pangaribuan, Teti Teja, Joko Irianto, Ning Sulistyowati, Felly Senewe

Abstract


Abstract

Mortality data are one of important indicators for the publich health The aim of this study is to know about the death rate, characteristics and risk factors of stroke as underlying cause of death in Padang Pariaman district. The mortality data in 2010 was analyzed using SPSS 16. The results showed that the entire death data was amount of 2642 and crude death rate was 6.71. Proportion of stroke in the district was 19.3% and stroke mortality rate was 1.29 per 1000 population in the year 2010, The risk factors of stroke as underlying cause of death after adjusted with education, employment and place of death were age and gender. The age of 40 – 64 years had the risk with OR of 6.45 (95% CI 2.77 – 14.28, p < 0.0001) and age of > 65 years had the risk of 10.29 (95% CI 4.47 – 23.69, p < 0.0001) compared to 20 – 39 year old. Women had greater risk than that of men with OR of 1.43 (95% CI 1.16 – 1.76, p < 0.001). The mortality rate of stroke as an underlying cause of death is high, so it is necessary to prevent the disease by appropriate intervention program.

Keywords: age, cause of death, , gender, stroke,

Abstrak

Data kematian merupakan salah satu indikator kesehatan masyarakat yang penting. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui angka kematian, karakteristik dan faktor risiko dari stroke sebagai penyebab dasar kematian di Kabupaten Padang Pariaman. Karakteristik meliputi usia, jenis kelamin, tempat meninggal, pendidikan dan pekerjaan. Dilakukan analisis data kematian 2010 menggunakan SPSS 16,0. Jumlah seluruh data kematian selama satu tahun adalah 2642, diperoleh angka kematian kasar sebesar 6,71. Proporsi kematian akibat stroke sebesar 19,3% dan angka kematian stroke didapat sebesar 1,29 per 1000 penduduk per tahun 2010. Faktor risiko sebagai penyebab dasar kematian stroke setelah disesuaikan dengan pendidikan, pekerjaan dan tempat meninggal adalah umur dan jenis kelamin. Umur 40 – 64 tahun berisiko OR 6,45 (95% CI 2,77 – 14,28, p < 0,0001) dan usia > 65 tahun OR 10,29 (95% CI 4,47 – 23,69, p < 0,0001) dibanding usia 20 – 39 tahun. Perempuan berisiko OR 1,43 ( 95% CI 1,16 – 1,76, p < 0,001) dibanding laki –laki. Angka kematian stroke sebagai penyebab dasar kematian cukup tinggi sehingga perlu strategi intervensi pencegahan stroke yang tepat di masyarakat.

Kata kunci: stroke, penyebab kematian, umur, jenis kelamin


Keywords


age, cause of death, , gender, stroke

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