Gambaran Konsumsi Sayur dan Buah Penduduk Indonesia dalam Konteks Gizi Seimbang: Analisis Lanjut Survei Konsumsi Makanan Individu (SKMI) 2014

Hermina Hermina, Prihatini S

Abstract


Abstract

Fruits and vegetables consumption was required by human body as sources of vitamins, minerals and fibers in achieving a healthy and nutritious balanced diet. The objective of the analysis is to obtain proportion and the average of fruits and vegetables consumed by Indonesian population at the age group, both in urban and rural areas from the 2014 Individual Food Consumption Survey The analysis showed that almost all Indonesion population consume vegetables (94.8%) but only a few of them that consume fruits (33.2%). Average vegetables consumption was 70.0g/person/day and fruit consumption was 38.8 grams/grams/person/day. Total consumption of vegetables and fruits were 108.8g/person/day. When they were compared to the recommended adequacy under the guidelines of balanced nutrition, fruits and vegetables consumption were still low. A total of 97.1% of the population did not consume enough vegetables and fruits. When it was compared to the age group, teenagers were the highest age groups who consumed less fruit and vegetables (98.4%). The study concludes that the average consumption of vegetables and fruits of the Indonesian population was still low, in the context of balanced nutrition by age group, both in urban and rural areas, and the lowest was teenagers.

Key words : fruits and vegetables, consumption, balanced nutrition, Indonesian population

Abstrak

Konsumsi sayur dan buah diperlukan tubuh sebagai sumber vitamin, mineral dan serat dalam mencapai pola makan sehat dengan gizi seimbang untuk kesehatan yang optimal. Tujuan analisis lanjut untuk mendapatkan informasi proporsi dan rerata jumlah sayur dan buah yang dikonsumsi penduduk menurut kelompok umur, baik di perkotaan maupun di perdesaan dalam konteks gizi seimbang. Data yang dianalisis merupakan hasil Survei Konsumsi Makanan Individu (SKMI) 2014. Pengumpulan data dilakukan oleh Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Data konsumsi dikumpulkan dengan metode recall 1x24 jam, dilakukan oleh tenaga gizi yang telah dilatih. Data yang dianalisis adalah konsumsi sayur dan buah penduduk Indonesia. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa hampir semua penduduk Indonesia mengonsumsi sayur (94,8%) namun hanya sedikit yang mengonsumsi buah (33,2%). Rerata konsumsi sayur penduduk 70,0 gram/orang/hari dan konsumsi buah 38,8 gram/gram/orang/hari. Total konsumsi sayur dan buah penduduk 108,8 gram/orang/hari. Bila dibandingkan dengan kecukupan yang dianjurkan menurut pedoman gizi seimbang, konsumsi sayur dan buah tersebut masih rendah. Sebanyak 97,1% penduduk kurang mengonsumsi sayur dan buah. Bila dilihat dari kelompok umur, remaja adalah kelompok umur tertinggi yang kurang mengonsumsi sayur dan buah (98,4%). Kesimpulan: Konsumsi sayur-buah penduduk Indonesia masih rendah dalam konteks gizi seimbang menurut kelompok umur, baik di perkotaan maupun di perdesaan dan paling rendah adalah pada kelompok usia remaja.

Kata kunci : Sayur dan buah, konsumsi, gizi seimbang, penduduk


Keywords


fruits and vegetables, consumption, balanced nutrition, Indonesian population

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