Hubungan Stunting dengan Prestasi Belajar Anak Sekolah Dasar di Daerah Kumuh, Kotamadya Jakarta Pusat

Prisca Petty Arfines, Fithia Dyah Puspitasari

Abstract


Abstract

Problems on nutrition deficiencies can occur in all age groups, including in school-aged children (6-12 years old). Families who live in slums were more likely to fail to meet the nutritional needs as well as unhygienic practice may increase the risk of infectious diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between stunting and learning achievement of primary school children in slum areas in Central Jakarta. This study was an observational study with cross sectional design. Data were collected between June to November 2012 from students in six elementary schools of Kramat and Tanah Tinggi Sub-districts. Data collected were basic characteristics, hemoglobin (Hb) level, anthropometry, concentration score, learning achievement and food recall 1x24 hours. Respondents were 141 children consist of 86 girls (61%) and 55 boys (39%). Stunting proportion was 21.5% based on the screening measurement. Bivariate analysis revealed there was a relationship between HAZ (stunting indicator) and learning achievement of school-aged children.

Keywords: stunting, learning achievements, school-aged children, slum area, learning concentration

Abstrak

Masalah kekurangan gizi dapat terjadi pada semua kelompok umur, demikian pula pada anak umur sekolah (6–12 tahun). Keluarga yang hidup di daerah kumuh memiliki kecenderungan kurang dalam pemenuhan kebutuhan gizi beserta sanitasi lingkungan yang tidak sehat dapat meningkatkan risiko penyakit infeksi pada anak. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara status gizi pendek (stunting) dengan prestasi anak sekolah dasar di daerah kumuh di Kotamadya Jakarta Pusat. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain potong lintang. Pengambilan data dilakukan pada bulan Juni hingga November 2012 dari siswa/i dari 6 sekolah dasar di Kelurahan Kramat dan Tanah Tinggi. Data yang diambil meliputi karakteristik dasar, kadar hemoglobin (Hb), antropometri, skor konsentrasi, prestasi dan food recall 1x24 jam. Responden sejumlah 141 anak yang terdiri dari 86 anak perempuan (61%) dan 55 anak laki-laki (39%). Didapatkan proporsi status gizi pendek sebesar 21.5% dari pengukuran skrining. Dari analisis bivariat dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara z-score TB/U (indikator stunting) dengan prestasi belajar anak.

Kata kunci: status gizi pendek, prestasi belajar, anak sekolah, daerah kumuh, konsentrasi belajar.


Keywords


Stunting; Learning achievements; School-aged children; Slum area; Learning concentration

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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research, p-ISSN: 0125-9695. e-ISSN: 2338-3453) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
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