Determinan Gejala Mental Emosional Pelajar SMP-SMA di Indonesia Tahun 2015

Rofingatul Mubasyiroh, Indri Yunita Suryaputri, Dwi Hapsari Tjandrarini

Abstract


Abstract
Mental emotional disorders are not expected to develop into a more serious if prompt treatment is done.
Early adolescence is a time of psychological change. An analysis of secondary data from the Global
School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS) 2015 was conducted to investigate the determinants of
mental emotional symptom state among adolescent students. Mental emotional symptom is measured
from the available data, that the symptoms experienced by students in the form of a lonely, worried,
or want to commit suicides. Multivariate analysis was done by logistic regression. Analysis was
performed on the complete data for all relevant variables of 8.477 samples. The results showed that
the factors are age≥ = 16 years and students who experience abuse either from friends or a form of
condescension by parents at risk of > 2 times who developed mental emotional disorders. The role
of parents and friends are very important in influencing the emotional mental students. Necessary
assistance, both by parents and schools through a peer group of students with productive activities
can overcome the problems
Keywords: mental emotional symptoms, students, GSHS, 2015

 

Abstrak
Gangguan mental emosional diharapkan tidak berkembang menjadi lebih serius jika dilakukan
pengobatan sedini mungkin. Masa remaja awal adalah masa perubahan psikologis. Tujuan penelitian
untuk mengetahui determinan gejala mental emosional pelajar dari data sekunder dengan Global
School-Based Student Health Survey (GSHS) tahun 2015. Sampel penelitian adalah pelajar. Gejala
mental emosional diukur dari data yang tersedia, yaitu gejala yang dialami: kesepian, khawatir, atau
ingin bunuh diri. Analisis berupa multivariat regresi logistik ganda model prediksi dari semua variabel
yang relevan dari 8.477 sampel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan faktor usia16 tahun ke atas serta
pelajar yang mengalami pelecehan baik dari teman ataupun berupa sikap merendahkan oleh orangtua
mempunyai risiko >2 kali mengalami gejala mental emosional. Peran orangtua dan pertemanan
sangat penting dalam mempengaruhi mental emosional pelajar. Diperlukan pendampingan, baik oleh
orang tua dan sekolah serta dikembangkan peer group pelajar yang berisi kegiatan produktif akan
dapat mengatasi masalahnya.
Kata kunci: gejala mental emosional, pelajar, GSHS, 2015

 


Keywords


determinan; gangguan mental; pelajar

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