20 YEARS OF PROGRESS IN TYPHOID RESEARCH

Narain H. Punjabi, Nancy D. Witham, Cyrus H. Simanjuntak, Murad Lesmana, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Atti R. Rivai, Swiandy Kumala, Soemarsono Soemarsono, Donald H. Burr

20 YEARS OF PROGRESS IN TYPHOID RESEARCH

Abstract


In 1981, the reported number of cases of typhoid fever in Indonesia was 19,596, increasing to 26,606 m 1986, most of the increase was due to improved detection and recognition of the pathogen. A more realistic estimate of incidence for this underreported and underdiagnosed disease would be from 540,000 to 1,210,000 cases per year. This was based on results of a household survey done by Budiarso R. et al. in 1980 and 1986, and on result of a community surveillance done by Ruwido and Simanjuntak et al. from 1983-1988. These studies were done in Plaju, South Sumatera, representing an urban area and Paseh, West Java, representing a semi-rural area. The results showed that the incidence rate of typhoid fever in the semi rural area was 358/100,000 population/year, and between 760-810/100,000 population/year in the urban area. These studies also indicated that the high risk group in the population was school age children between ages of 3-19 years. From other observations, it is also noted that the case fatality in urbanized and growing areas of Indonesia, may be higher than it is reported in other areas of the world

Keywords


Typhoid Research

Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research, p-ISSN: 0125-9695. e-ISSN: 2338-3453) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
Main Indexing :

More...
Visitor Number : View BPK Statistics
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.