Determinants of asthma among productive age workers in Indonesia

Lusianawaty Tana

Abstract


Determinants of asthma among productive age workers in Indonesia

 

*Center for Health Resources and Services Research and Development

National Institute of Health Research and Development

 

Lusianawaty Tana

E-mail: lusianawaty@yahoo.com

 

Asthma is one of the chronic respiratory diseases that often leads to decrease of productivity, loss of income and unemployment, as well as psychosocial and financial problems.

The objective of the research was to identify the determinant of asthma of productive age  workers in Indonesia using National Health Research (Riskesdas 2013).   Samples criterias were 15-64 years old workers across the country. The data were analyzed by complex sample  with significance level  0.05 and 95% confidence intervals.

Samples that met the criterias were  405.984 people. Determinants of asthma in interest of this research were the areas of residence, age, education, nutritional status, smoking, illumination sources, sex, occupation, ownership index, residence location, slum neighborhood, physical activity, and fuel type usage. (ORadj 1.1-2.1 p≤0.01).

The proportion of asthma in eastern region of Indonesia and Java-Bali region was 2.05 and 1.75 higher than Sumatra region respectively. Less nutritional status had asthma proportion of 1.5 times higher than normal.

It was concluded that the major determinants of asthma in productive age workers were the area of residence, age, education level, and nutritional status.

Improving nutritional status and increasing knowledge about healthy lifestyle should be done as an effort to reduce the occurrence of asthma.

 

Key words:  workers, asthma, Indonesia, Riskesdas 2013


Keywords


Key words: workers, asthma, Indonesia, Riskesdas 2013

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