Elderly people and women were more risk to mental emotional disorders

sri Idaiani

Elderly people and women were more risk to mental emotional disorders

Abstract


Latar belakang: Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007 (Riskesdas 2007) dirancang untuk menyediakan data berbasis bukti untuk perencanaan kebijakan kesehatan.  Salah satu data yang dikumpulkan adalah gangguan mental emosional atau distres psikologik. Tujuan penelitian ini mengidentifikasi faktor yang berperan terhadap gangguan mental emosional pada penduduk di Jawa Tengah.

Metode: Data merupakan sebagian data Riskesdas 2007 yang dikumpulkan oleh pewawancara yang terlatih melalui survei nasional yang terintegrasi dengan Susenas 2007. Kami melakukan analisis terhadap 62.549 subjek yang berasal dari penduduk Jawa Tengah. Gangguan mental emosional dinilai dengan Self Reporting Questionnaire yang terdiri dari 2 pertanyaan diberikan pada subyek berumur ≥ 15 tahun. Nilai batas pisah kuesioner 5/6, artinya apabila responden menjawab”ya” minimal 6 pertanyaan, mereka diindikasikan mengalami gangguan mental emosional. Pengolahan data menggunakan program statistik STATA versi 10.

Hasil: Usia tua (65 tahun atau lebih) dibandingkan usia muda memiliki risiko 63% mengalami gangguan mental emosional [risiko relatif suaian (RRa) = 1,63; 95% interval kepercayaan (CI) = 1,52-1,75]. Perempuan dibandingkan laki-laki mempunyai risiko 43% lebih tinggi (RRa = 1.43; 95% CI = 1,35-1,51) mengalami gangguan mental emosional.

Kesimpulan: Usia tua dan perempuan mempunyai risiko lebih tinggi mengalami gangguan mental emosional. Oleh karena itu program kesehatan jiwa harus lebih ditujukan kepada kelompok usia lanjut. (Health Science Indones 2010; 1: 8 - 13)

Kata kunci: gangguan mental emosional, usia tua, riskesdas 2007

 

Abstract

Background: Baseline Health Research 2007 (Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007 or Riskesdas 2007) was planned to provide evidence based data for health policy. One of the information collected was on mental emotional disorders or psychological distress. The objective of this study was to identify dominant factors related to mental emotional disorder.

.Methods: Data were obtained from the Riskesdas 2007. We analyzed 62,549 subjects from Central Jawa. Mental emotional disorders were assessed by a Self Reporting Questionnaire which consisted of 20 questions given to subjects aged ≥ 15 years. Questionnaire cut-off point was 5/6 which meant that if the respondent answered “yes” to at least 6 questions indicated a mental emotional disorder. Interviews were conducted by skilled interviewers. Data were processed by STATA 10 version.

Results: Compared to the young, the elderly had a 63% risk to mental emotional disorders [adjusted relative risk (RRa) = 1.63; 95% confidence interval (CI) =1.52-1.75]. Women had 43% risk to mental emotional disorders compared to men (RRa =1.43; 95% CI = 1.35-1.51).

Conclusion: The elderly and women were more at risk to mental emotional disorders. Therefore, mental health programs should be more addressed to elderly. (Health Science Indones 2010; 1: 8 - 13)

Keywords


mental emotional disorders, elderly, riskesdas 2007

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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

p-ISSN: 2087-7021
e-EISSN: 2338-3437

Published by : Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

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