Recommended alternative daily intake of fruits and vegetables for Indonesian elderly

Nurhayati Nurhayati

Recommended alternative daily intake of fruits and vegetables for Indonesian elderly

Abstract


Abstrak
Latar belakang:Organisasi Kesehatan se Dunia (WHO) merekomendasin konsumsi sayur dan buah paling sedikit 400 gr atau 5 (lima) porsi sayur dan buah sehari. Penelitian ini untuk menentukan alternatif jumlah dan jenis anjuran konsumsi sayur dan buah untuk usia 65 tahun atau lebih untuk kecukupan zat gizi vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, asam folat, dan serat.
Metode:Penelitian menggunakan data konsumsi sayur dan buah dari data Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) tahun 2010. Analisis data menggunakan program analisis linier untuk memperoleh lima alternatif jumlah dan jenis sayur dan buah untuk usia lebih dari 65 tahun.
Hasil:Subjek yang dapat dianalisis sebanyak 7087 orang. Lima jenis buah yang paling banyak dikonsumsi adalah pisang, jeruk, pepaya, apel dan semangka. Lima jenis sayur yang paling banyak dikonsumsi adalah sayur bayam, sayur kangkung, sayur daun singkong, sayur asam, dan sayur sop. Berdasarkan hasil analisis progam linier dan ngka Kecukupan Gizi tahun 2004 untuk vitamin A, vitamin C, asam folat, serat, dan potasium bagi usia lebih dari 65 tahun, maka jumlah anjuran konsumsi sayur dan buah adalah 300 gram sayuran dan 200-400 gram buah.
Kesimpulan: Anjuran alternatif konsumsi sayur dan buah untuk usia lebih dari 65 tahun adalah 300 gram (3 mangkok) sayuran dan 200-400 gram (2-4 potong) buah. (Health Science Indones 2014;1:30-4)
Kata kunci:anjuran konsumsi harian, sayur, buah, usia lajut

Abstract
Background: The WHO recommends the daily consumption of fruits and vegetables of at least 400 grams or 5 servings. This study was conducted to assess consumption of fruits and vegetables in 65 year-old and above Indonesians, and the adequacy of daily requirements of vitamin A, vitamin C, potassium, folic acid, and fiber.
Methods: The study used data from 2010 National Health Survey Indonesia. Using linier programming, 5 alternatives of combination of fruits and vegetables were presented for 65 year-old and above.
Result: The number of subjects that could be analyzed was 7087 subjects. The study found the five most frequently consumed fruits were bananas, oranges, papayas, apples, and watermelons. Five most frequently consumed vegetables dishes were cooked spinach, water spinach (kangkung), cassava leaves, tamarind vegetable dish and vegetable soup. The alternative amount of fruits and vegetables consumption for 65 year-olds and above is 300 grams of cooked vegetables and 200-400 grams of fruits.
Conclusion: Alternative fruits and cooked vegetables consumptions for 65 year-old and above Indonesians were 300 grams (3 bowls) grams of cooked vegetables and 200-300 grams (2-4 pieces) of fruits. (Health
Science Indones 2014;1:30-4)
Key words: daily consumption guide, fruits, vegetables, elderly

Keywords


daily consumption guide, fruits, vegetables, elderly

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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

p-ISSN: 2087-7021
e-EISSN: 2338-3437

Published by : Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

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