Disposal of household burned garbage and risk of low birth weight in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

Puti Sari Hidayangsih, Dwi Hapsari Tjandrarini, Antonius Yudi Kristanto, Noor Edi W. Sukoco

Disposal of household burned garbage and risk of low birth weight in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

Abstract


Abstrak
Latar belakang: Pembakaran sampah di dalam rumah tanggadapat mempengaruhi berat badan bayi lahir rendah (BBLR). Pada tulisan ini disajikan pembakaran sampah di rumah tangga terhadap risiko BBLR.
Metode: Analisis data menggunakan sebagian data studi potong lintang Riskesdas 2013 di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Data yang dianalisis ialah data bayi berusia 0-11 bulan. Berat badan bayi waktu lahir berdasarkan catatan berat bayi saat lahir yang tercatat dalam kuesioner Riskesdas. Bayi dikategorikan BBLR jika berat badan waktu lahir kurang dari 2500 gram. Hasil: Di antara 281 bayi yang mempunyai catatan berat badan lahir terdapat 10,6% (23 bayi) yang BBLR. Bayi yang tinggal di rumah tangga dengan perilaku pengelolaan sampah dengan cara dibakar dibandingkan dengan selain dibakar mempunyai risiko 2,3 kali lipat mengalami BBLR (RRa=2,28; 95% CI=1,18-8,61). Kesimpulan: Bayi yang tinggal di rumah tangga dengan sampah dibakar dibandingkan dengan tanpa sampah dibakar mempunyai risiko lebih tinggi BBLR di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia. (Health Science Indones 2014;2:89-93)

Kata kunci: berat badan lahir rendah, pembakaran sampah

Abstract
Background: The management of household waste by burning can affect the incidence of low birth weight (LBW). This paper aims to identify the burning of garbage at home and risk of low birth weight. Methods: This analysis used a part of Riskesdas 2013 data in the Central Sulawesi Province. Subjects analyzed were infants aged 0-11 months. Baby’s weight was based on the baby’s birth weightwhich was recorded in the questionnaire of Riskesdas. The infants were categorized as LBW, if the recorded birth weight was less than 2500 grams. Results: Out of 392 babies,  281 babies had recorded birth weightswhich could be proved by documentary evidence. The majority of babies were boys (50.9%) and lived in rural areas (58.7%). The proportion of babies who had LBW was 10.6% (23 infants). The babies who were living in households with exposure to burned garbage had 2.3-fold increased risk to be LBW [adjusted relative risk for gender and availability of window (RRa) = 2.28; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.18 - 8.61]. Conclusion: The babies who live in households exposed to burned garbage condition had an increased
risk to be LBW in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. (Health Science Indones 2014;2:89-93)

Key words: low birth weight, burned garbage disposal


Keywords


low birth weight, burned garbage disposal

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