Postpartum depression in Indonesia women: a national study

Sri Idaiani, Bastaman Basuki

Postpartum depression in Indonesia women: a national study

Abstract


Abstrak
Latar belakang: Ibu yang melahirkan diharapkan tidak mengalami rasa sedih pasca persalinan yang berdampak jangka panjang antara lain menyebabkan gangguan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan anak. Tujuan analisis ini untuk mengidentifikasi beberapa faktor terhadap rasa sedih pasca melahirkan.


Metode: Analisis ini merupakan sebagian data Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2010 yang dilaksanakan di seluruh Indonesia dengan sampling bertahap. Analisis dilakukan terhadap wanita yang menikah atau pernah menikah berumur 13-49 tahun yang melahirkan bayi antara 1 January 2005 sampai 31 August 2010. Analisis mempergunakan regresi logistik.


Hasil:Prevalensi rasa sedih pasca persalinan sebesar 2,32% (440/18937). Wanita yang melahirkan bayi dengan ukuran sangat kecil berisiko tertinggi mengalami (4,8-lipat) rasa sedih pasca persalinan [rasio
odds suaian (ORa)=4,84; 95% interval kepercayaan (CI)=2,89-8,12], dan yang mempunyai bayi kecil 67% lebih besar mengalami rasa sedih pasca persalinan (ORa=1,67; 95% CI =1,20-2,33). Selain itu wanita yang mengalami komplikasi pasca persalinan berisiko lebih besar mengalami rasa sedih pasca persalinan. Dibandingkan dengan yang tidak mengalami komplikasi, wanita yang mengalami pecah ketuban dini mengalami risiko lebih tinggi 6 kali lipat (ORa=6,02; 95% CI=4,63-7,83), disusul yang mengalami partus macet (ORa=5.75; 95% CI=3,05-10,85).


Kesimpulan:Wanita yang mengalami komplikasi selama persalinan atau mempunyai besar bayi tidak rata-rata berisiko lebih besar mengalami rasa sedih pasca persalinan.(Health Science Indones 2012;1:3-8)

Kata kunci: post partum, rasa sedih, komplikasi, besar bayi, Indonesia

Abstract
Background:A mother’s postpartum depression may have long-term impacts on a child’s growth and development. This analysis aimed to identify several risk factors related to postpartum depression.


Methods:The data analyzed originated from a cross-sectional Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas) 2010 of Indonesia which provided specific information on the health Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Multistage sampling was used. For this analysis, we included married or ever-married women between the ages of 13-49 years who delivered babies during the period between 1 January 2005 and 31 August 2010. We used logistic regression methods to estimate the postpartum depression risk.


Results: The prevalence of postpartum depression was 2.32% (440/18937). Compared to women with average size babies, women who had very small babies had a higher risk (4.8-fold) for postpartum depression [adjusted odds ratio (ORa)=4.84; 95% confidence interval (CI)=2.89-8.12]. Women who had small babies had a 67% higher risk than women with average size babies for having post partum depression (ORa=1.67; 95% CI =1.20-2.33). In addition, All women who reported any delivery complications were at a greater risk for postpartum depression. Compared to those who did not report any complications, those who reported premature rupture of the membrane during their deliveries (ORa=6.02; 95% CI=4.63-7.83), followed by those who experienced
obstructive labor (ORa=5.75; 95% CI=3.05-10.85) were at a greater risk for postpartum depression.


Conclusion:Women who reported any delivery complication or had a very small or small babies had a higher risk for postpartum depression.(Health Science Indones 2012;1:3-8)


Keywords


postpartum, depression, complication, baby size

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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

p-ISSN: 2087-7021
e-EISSN: 2338-3437

Published by : Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

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