Level of radiation exposure in several hospitals in Indonesia

Frans Suharyanto, Ratih Oemiati, Tince A. Jovina

Level of radiation exposure in several hospitals in Indonesia

Abstract


Abstrak

Latar belakang: Untuk menjaga keselamatan pekerja, Badan Pengawas Tenaga Nuklir Indonesia telah menentukan nilai batas dosis radiasi di antara pekerja yang terkena radiasi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk
mengetahui besar pajanan radiasi di tempat kerja di beberapa rumah sakit.

Metode: Studi potong lintang dilakukan dengan wawancara, observasi, serta pengukuran besar pajanan radiasi di tempat kerja. Besar pajanan radiasi dikelompokkan sesuai dengan tempat kerjanya yaitu bagian
radiodiagnostik, radioterapi, dan kedokteran nuklir. Populasi penelitian ini adalah tenaga kesehatan yang terpajan radiasi di sembilan rumah sakit di enam provinsi.

Hasil: Jumlah responden dalam penelitian ini 103 orang dari 9 rumah sakit. Sebagian besar responden adalah laki-laki (51,3%) dan kelompok umur terbanyak 40-44 tahun (27%). Besarnya pajanan radiasi di tempat kerja yang paling tinggi ialah pada waktu dilakukan kateterisasi jantung (pajanan radiasi rata-rata 11,02 uSv/jam). Sedangkan di bagian radiodiagnostik lainnya (CT scan, fl uoroskopi, dan C-arm) pajanan radiasi rata-rata 1,80 uSv/jam, di bagian kedokteran nuklir 5,33 uSv/jam, dan terendah di bagian radioterapi (1,05 uSv/jam).

Kesimpulan: Personil kateterisasi jantung menerima pajanan radiasi per jam tertinggi, sedangkan tenaga kerja yang lainnya menerima pajanan rendah. (Health Science Indones 2012;1:15-8)

Kata kunci: pajanan radiasi, pekerja radiasi

Abstract
Background: The Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency of Indonesia formulated guidelines on the standard dose for workers exposed to radiation. The purpose of this study was to identify the degree of exposure to radiation of workers in several hospitals in Indonesia.

Methods: The data in this cross-sectional study were collected by interview, observation, and measuring radiation exposure dose at several work places (radio-diagnostic, radio therapy, and nuclear medicine in nine
purposively selected hospitals in six provinces in Indonesia

Results: The total respondents in this study were 103 technicians in 9 hospitals. There were more male (51.3%) than female technicians, and they were mostly 40-44 years old (27%). The highest exposure occurred in heart catheterization lab (the average dose was 11.02 uSv/hour). Meanwhile, in other radiodiagnostic laboratories (CT scan, fl uoroscopy, and C-arm) the average radiation exposure was 1.80 uSv/hour, in radiotherapy 1.05 uSv/hour, and in nuclear medicine 5.33 uSv/hour.

Conclusion: Heart catheterization personnel received high radiation exposure per hour. Other radiologic technicians received less than the allowable radiation exposure per hour. (Health Science Indones 2012;1:15-8)

 


Keywords


radiation exposure; radiation technicians

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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

p-ISSN: 2087-7021
e-EISSN: 2338-3437

Published by : Badan Litbang Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI

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