Correlation of physical activity and other factors to fruit and vegetable intake among civillian pilots in Indonesia

Ane Dwi Sari, Bastaman Basuki, Intan Mariska, Setyawati Budiningsih

Abstract


Latar belakang: ICAO (International civil aviation organization) menyatakan pentingnya menjaga kesehatan penerbang sehingga tidak terjadi inkapasitasi. Salah satu upayanya adalah pola diet sehat dengan konsumsi buah dan sayur. Tujuan studi adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan aktivitas fisik dan faktor lain terhadap pola konsumsi buah dan sayur.

Metode: Studi potong lintang dengan sampel total dari data sekunder penerbang yang melakukan pemeriksaan kesehatan berkala di Balai Kesehatan Penerbangan Jakarta bulan April 2016. Data berupa data demografi, pekerjaan, konsumsi buah dan sayur, aktivitas fisik, pengetahuan konsumsi buah dan sayur, dan dukungan sosial. Analisis dengan regresi Logistik.

Hasil: Penerbang yang mengikuti penelitian ini berjumlah 530 orang. Aktivitas fisik tidak berhubungan dengan konsumsi buah dan sayur. Tidak adanya pengetahuan konsumsi buah dan sayur berisiko jarang konsumsi buah dan sayur sebanyak 3,9 kali [ORa= 3,93; 95% CI=1,74-8,87; p=0,001], ini sesuai dengan teori social cognitive yang menyatakan pengetahuan konsumsi buah dan sayur merupakan faktor personal.

Kesimpulan: Adanya hubungan antara pengetahuan konsumsi buah dan sayur terhadap kebiasaan konsumsi buah dan sayur yang sehat (≥ 5 kali/hari) di antara penerbang di Indonesia. (Health Science Journal of Indonesia 2016;7(2):118-122)

Kata kunci : buah dan sayur, penerbang sipil, Indonesia.

 

Abstract

Background: International civil aviation organization stated the importance of maintaining pilot’s health to avoid incapacitation. One of the efforts for this is consuming healthy diet with fruits and vegetables. The purpose of this study is to identify the correlation of physical activity and other factors related to fruits and vegetables intake.

Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted with  a total sampling,  using secondary data of the pilot that conducted periodical medical examinations in the Civil Aviation Medical Center, Jakarta on April 2016. Data collected were demographic and job characteristics, fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, knowledge about fruit and vegetable intake, and social support.

Results: The pilots participate in this study were 530 individuals. No correlation between physical activity and fruits and vegetables intake. The dominant factor associated with fruits and vegetables intake is the knowledge about fruits and vegetables intake. Pilots with poor knowledge decrease consumption 3,9 times lower [ORa = 3.93; 95% CI = 1.74 to 8.87; p = 0.001]. In this study, knowledge about fruit and vegetable intake as a personal factors according to social cognitive theory.

Conclusion: The knowledge about fruits and vegetables intake according to WHO recommendations increased the frequency of fruits and vegetables intake. (Health Science Journal of Indonesia 2016;7(2):118-122)

Keywords: fruits and vegetables, a civilian pilot, Indonesia


 


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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

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