Smoking as a risk factor of periodontal disease

Made Ayu Lely Suratri, Indirawati Tjahja Notohartojo

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Merokok merupakan penyebab dari penyakit pada manusia dimana sesungguhnya penyakit ini dapat dicegah. Nikotin dalam rokok dapat merusak sistem respon imun dan menyebabkan penyempitan pembuluh darah, termasuk pembuluh darah di dalam jaringan sekitar gigi. Adanya penyempitan pembuluh darah, dapat membentuk suatu lingkungan yang menguntungkan bagi pertumbuhan bakteri penyebab penyakit periodontal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat hubungan antara merokok dengan penyakit periodontal.

Metode: Disain penelitian adalah potong lintang (Cross Sectional), data diambil dari data sekunder Riskesdas tahun 2013. Sampel adalah anggota rumah tangga yang berusia ≥ 15 tahun dengan jumlah 722.329 orang.

Hasil: Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara merokok dengan penyakit pada jaringan periodontal, dengan nilai p= 0,000 (p<0,05), ini berarti ada hubungan yang bermakna dimana OR= 4,4343 (95%, CI: 4.1559-4.7312), artinya responden yang merokok kemungkinan 4,4 kali memiliki jaringan periodontal tidak sehat dibandingkan yang tidak merokok.

Kesimpulan: Dalam studi ini dilaporkan bahwa merokok merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya penyakit periodontal, dimana dengan merokok kemungkinan empat kali lebih akan memdapatkan penyakit periodontal dibandingkan dengan tidak merokok. (Health Science Journal of Indonesia 2016;7(2):107-112)

Kata kunci: Merokok, penyakit periodontal, faktor risiko

 

Abstract

Background. Smoking is a cause of disease in humans is indeed a disease which can be prevented. Nicotine in cigarettes can damage the immune response system and causes constriction of blood vessels, including the blood vessels in the tissues surrounding the tooth. Narrowing of blood vessels, can form a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria that cause periodontal disease. The aim of research to determine whether there is a relationship between smoking and periodontal disease.

Methods: the study design is a cross sectional, data retrieved from the secondary data Riskesdas 2013. Samples are household members aged ≥ 15 years with the number of 722 329 people.

Results: There was a significant association between smoking and periodontal disease, with a value of p = 0.000 (p <0.05), this means that there is a significant relationship where OR = 4.434 (95%, CI: 4.156-4.731), the meaning that respondents who were 4.43 times to have periodontal diseases  (unhealthy periodontal tissues) as compared to not-smoking.

Conclusion: In this studi reported the smoking is a risk factor for the periodontal disease, where smoking were four times more likely to have periodontal diseases  as compared to not-smoking. (Health Science Journal of Indonesia 2016;7(2):107-112)

Keywords: Smoking, periodontal disease, risk factors


 


Keywords


Smoking, periodontal disease, and risk factors

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Health Science Journal of Indonesia

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