Predicting the Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) occurrence among Pharmacist assistant in Banjarmasin South Kalimantan

Muhamad Ratodi, Tien Zubaidah, Lenie Marlinae

Abstract


Latar belakang: Banjarmasin memiliki jumlah apotek terbanyak di wilayah Kalimantan Selatan. Salahsatu jenis pekerjaan yang ada di apotek adalah asisten apoteker. Dengan tipikal pekerjaan asisten apoteker yang indoor dan memiliki resiko yang tinggi terhadap paparan zat kimia, asisten apoteker cenderung mengalami kejadian Sick Building Syndrom (SBS). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi  faktor determinan yang paling berpengaruh terhadap kejadian SBS pada asisten apoteker yang bekerja di apotek wilayah kerja Kota Banjarmasin

Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian crosssectional dengan metode observasional analitik. Lokasi penelitian dilakukan pada 13 lokasi apotek yang berada di wilayah kerja Kota Banjarmasin dengan 73 orang asisten apoteker yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi sebagai respondennya. Variabel bebas dari penelitian ini adalah variabel karakteristik responden dengan sub variabel jenis kelamin, usia, kondisi psikososial dan masa kerja, variabel aspek perilaku dengan sub variabel pengetahuan, sikap dan praktik asisten apoteker terhadap SBS, serta variabel faktor lingkungan pekerja meliputi kepadatan ruang, suhu, kelembaban, kecepatan aliran udara serta pencahayaan ruangan, sedangkan kejadian SBS menjadi variabel terikat.

Hasil : Sebanyak 29 responden (39.7%) responden mengalami kejadian SBS dengan sebesar 68.3% kejadian SBS dipengaruhi oleh faktor psikososial responden (OR 26,479), masa kerja (OR 9,882), tindakan yang memicu SBS oleh responden (OR 13,859) serta kondisi pencahayaan yang tidak sesuai standar (OR 8,912).

Kesimpulan : Lingkungan kerja seperti pencahayaan ruangan yang kurang, pengaturan jam kerja serta ketersediaan fasilitas istirahat merupakan faktor determinan yang berpengaruh pada kejadian SBS.

Kata kunci: Sick Building Syndrom, asisten apoteker


Abstract

Background: Banjarmasin has the highest number of pharmacies among the other area in South Kalimantan. One of the main types of work in stores is a pharmacist's assistant. With their typical indoor job activities and the higher risk of chemical exposures, assistant pharmacist tends to experience the sick building syndrome occurrence. This research aims to identify the primary determinant on the SBS event among pharmacy assistant working at pharmacies in Banjarmasin.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional research with analytical observation method. The research location takes place in 13 pharmacies in the city of Banjarmasin with 73 pharmacy assistants that meet the inclusion criteria serve as respondents. The study analyzes several variables such as SBS occurrence, respondents characteristics, working conditions including room density, temperature, humidity, air velocity and indoor lighting.

Results: There are 29 respondents (39.7%) having an SBS occurrence with a significant correlation between the SBS occurrences with respondents psycho-social condition (OR 26,479), years of service (OR, 9.882), indoor lighting condition (OR 8,912) and respondents behaviors related to SBS occurrences (OR 13,859).

Conclusion: Working environments such as inadequate indoor lighting, working hours arrangement and rest facilities are the determinants of SBS.

Keywords: sick building syndrome, pharmacy assistants

 


Keywords


Sick Building Syndrom; asisten apoteker

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