EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK DAUN JERUK PURUT (Citrus hystrix), JERUK LIMAU (Citrus amblycarpa), DAN JERUK BALI (Citrus maxima) TERHADAP LARVA Aedes aegypti

Hebert Adrianto, Subagyo Yotopranoto, Hamidah Hamidah

EFEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK DAUN JERUK PURUT (Citrus hystrix), JERUK LIMAU (Citrus amblycarpa), DAN JERUK BALI (Citrus maxima) TERHADAP LARVA Aedes aegypti

Abstract


The used of chemicals as larvicidal may causing resistance, health problem, and environment problem. Leaf extracts of Citrus as biolarvicidal against Aedes aegypti larvae can be used as an alternative larvicidal. The aims of this study is to find out the species of Citrus in the study sample, which is the most effective as biolarvicidal. This study was conducted using nested experiment design, with six treatments and five replicates. Larvae mortality was observed after 24 and 48 hours. Then, data were analyzed by probit. The results of this study show that (1) the LC95 value after 24 hours of exposure of leaf extracts of Citrus hystrix, Citrus amblycarpa, and Citrus maxima, were each 3,176 ppm; 4,174 ppm; and 6,369 ppm. (2) the LC95 value after 48 hours of exposure of leaf extracts of Citrus hystrix, Citrus amblycarpa, and Citrus maxima, were each 2,499 ppm; 3,256 ppm; and 4,886 ppm. (3) leaf extract of Citrus hystrix is the most effective among others as biolarvicidal against Aedes aegypti larvae. Leaf extract of Citrus hystrix can be used as alternative biolarvicidal.

Keywords: Citrus hystrix, Citrus amblycarpa, Citrus maxima, Aedes aegypti, biolarvicidal


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Jurnal Aspirator (Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies, p-ISSN: 2085-4102 e-ISSN: 2338-7343) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia.

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