SPESIES TIKUS, CECURUT DAN PINJAL YANG DITEMUKAN DI PASAR KOTA BANJARNEGARA, KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA TAHUN 2013

Dina Supriyati, Adil Ustiawan

SPESIES TIKUS, CECURUT DAN PINJAL YANG DITEMUKAN DI PASAR KOTA BANJARNEGARA, KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA TAHUN 2013

Abstract


ABSTRACT
Rats harm to human life, both in terms of economics and health. Rats transmitted disease, ectoparasites and
endoparasites. Many potential sites where rat found in high enough quantities, one of those sites is a traditional
market. The purpose of this study was to know the presence of rats and fleas in the market town Banjarnegara,
Banjarnegara District. This research is a descriptive study using survey methods. Research design using crosssectional
approach. Rats data obtained by trapping rats using a live trap. Population was rats living in markets
Banjarnegara, Banjarnegara. The sample was rats that were caught using bait traps roasted coconut and
cucumber. The collected data were analyzed descriptively. Result showed that 33 rats had been caught during the
study. The most abundant species was Rattus tanezumi (84.85%), while the least is Rattus norvegicus (3.03%). As
much 20 (60.61%) were male higger than female rat as much as 13 rats (39.39%). Rats in the market stalls
(77,42%) greater than the outside market stall (22,58%). The trap succes were 8.25% with the successful capture
of the highest rats on day 2 (4.5%). While the success of trapping rats (trap success) based on the location of the
arrest shows that in the market stalls (6.5%) greater than the outside market stall (1.75%). Number of fleas that
infest species caught as many as 67 tails. Species of fleas that infest rats identified as Xenopsylla cheopis. Common
flea index as much 2,03 upper than standard. Control of rats and fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis) was needed.
Key words: trap success, rats, fleas

ABSTRAK
Tikus merugikan bagi kehidupan manusia, baik dari sisi ekonomi maupun kesehatan. Tikus membawa kuman
penyakit, ektoparasit dan endoparasit. Pasar tradisional merupakan tempat potensial ditemukan tikus dalam
jumlah cukup tinggi. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui keberadaan tikus, cecurut dan ektoparasit pinjal di
Pasar Kota Banjarnegara, Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Penelitian deskriptif dengan metode survei dan pendekatan
cross sectional. Data tikus dari penangkapan tikus menggunakan live trap. Populasi adalah fauna tikus yang
hidup di Pasar Kota Banjarnegara. Sampel adalah tikus yang tertangkap menggunakan perangkap yang diberi
umpan kelapa bakar dan mentimun. Analisis data secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tikus yang
tertangkap sebanyak 33 ekor .Tikus yang banyak tertangkap adalah Rattus tanezumi (84,85%) dan paling sedikit
tertangkap Rattus norvegicus (3,03%). Tikus berjenis kelamin jantan lebih banyak ditemukan 20 ekor (60,61%)
daripada tikus betina 13 ekor (39,39%). Tikus sebagian besar terdapat di dalam los pasar (77,42%) daripada di
luar los pasar (22,58%). Trap success tikus sebesar 8,25% dengan keberhasilan penangkapan paling tinggi pada
hari ke-2 (4,5%). Trap success berdasarkan lokasi penangkapan di dalam los pasar lebih besar (6,5%) daripada
luar los pasar (1,75%). Jumlah pinjal yang menginfestasi spesies tertangkap sebanyak 67 ekor. Spesies pinjal
yaitu Xenopsylla cheopis. Indeks umum pinjal sebesar 2,03 melebihi standar. Perlu dilakukan pengendalian tikus
dan pinjal (Xenopsylla cheopis).
Kata kunci: keberhasilan penangkapan, tikus, pinjal


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


BALABA was indexed by:

Visitor Number : View My Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License