EARLY WARNING OF LEPTOSPIROSIS IN SELANDAKA VILLAGE, SUMPIUH SUB DISTRICT, BANYUMAS DISTRICT AT 2013

Dewi Puspita Ningsih, Rahmawati Rahmawati, Dian Indra Dewi

EARLY WARNING OF LEPTOSPIROSIS IN SELANDAKA VILLAGE, SUMPIUH SUB DISTRICT, BANYUMAS DISTRICT AT 2013

Abstract


ABSTRAKLeptospirosis di Kabupaten Banyumas mulai dilaporkan sejak tahun 2010 sebanyak satu kasus. Tahun 2011 meningkatmenjadi 5 kasus, 2012 sebanyak 3 kasus dan sampai dengan bulan Juli 2013 sebanyak 3 kasus. Tujuan penelitian untukmengidentifikasi rodensia jenis tikus sebagai hewan penular leptospirosis dan keberadaan bakteri Leptospira pada tikusdan manusia. Penelitian ini merupakan survei potong lintang, lokasi penelitian di Desa Selandaka Kecamatan SumpiuhKabupaten Banyumas pada bulan Juli 2013. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan penangkapan tikus dan cecurut, sertapenjaringan kasus leptospirosis. Pemeriksaan sampel ginjal tikus dan darah manusia dilakukan dengan metode PolymeraseChain Reaction (PCR) di Instalasi Bakteriologi Balai Litbang P2B2 Banjarnegara. Analisis data secara deskriptif. Hasilpenelitian menunjukkan keberhasilan penangkapan tikus dalam rumah lebih besar (10,67%) daripada luar rumah (9,33%).Tikus yang tertangkap Rattus tanezumi sebanyak 10 ekor dan 5 ekor cecurut Suncus murinus. Hasil pemeriksaanlaboratorium menunjukkan tidak ditemukan bakteri Leptospira pada tikus, cecurut maupun serum penderita suspekleptospirosis.Kata kunci : leptospirosis, Banyumas, tikusABSTRACTLeptospirosis became known in Banyumas since the discovery of one case in 2010, 5 cases in 2011, 3 cases in 2012 and untilJuly 2013, 3 cases occurred in Selandaka village, Sumpiuh sub-District. This research aimed to identify rats spesies andshrew as reservoir of leptospirosis and to detect the presence of Leptospira sp in rats, shrew and human at the area withleptospirosis problem in Banyumas. The research method was a survey with cross sectional approach, located in Selandakavillage Sumpiuh, Banyumas on July 2013. Traping rats and case screening using the Rapid Diagnostic Test ( RDT ) forLeptospira IgG/IgM were conducted during the survey. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) assay was performed atBacteriology Laboratory in BalaiLitbang P2B2 Banjarnegara to detect leptospira in patient's blood and rat's kidney.Descriptive analysis were done on the data to know leptospirasp to know of spesies rats and human. Result : 15 rats captured(10 Rattus tanezumi dan 5 Suncus murinus) and from the screening 7 human was suspected of leptospirosis. Results oflaboratory tests showed no leptospira bacteria found in rats , shrew or serum of patients suspected of leptospirosis . It'simportant to do and activate leptospirosis surveillance and socialization for all stakeholders (community , health workersand local government), especially in improving early diagnosis and control / prevention of leptospirosis.Key words : leptospirosis, Banyumas, rats

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