Pengaruh Seragamisasi Celana/Rok Panjang dalam Mencegah Kejadian Demam Berdarah Dengue pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar

Mada Gautama Soebowo, Dias Irawan Prasetya, Soeharyo Hadisaputro, Sakundarno Adi

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Demam Berdarah Dengue masih menjadi masalah kesehatan di Indonesia, khususnya di Kota Semarang. Berdasarkan data tahun 2014 dari Dinas Kesehatan Kota Semarang, DBD dialami oleh kelompok umur 1-14 tahun sebanyak 1.065 penderita (65%), sedangkan pada kelompok anak usia  6-12 tahun tercatat 336 penderita (20,6%). Beberapa faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap kejadian DBD pada anak-anak adalah pemakaian celana/rok panjang, penggunaan repellent, pemasangan kelambu, pemasangan kasa nyamuk. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan apakah pemakaian celana/rok panjang dapat mencegah kejadian DBD pada siswa sekolah dasar. Desain yang digunakan adalah studi case control. Total sampel adalah 160 anak (tiap kelompok 80 anak) dipilih secara proporsional random sampling dengan memperhatikan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Analisis data secara bivariat dengan uji chi-square dan multivariat dengan uji regresi logistik. Terdapat 2 variabel yang berpengaruh terhadap kejadian DBD pada anak sekolah yaitu pemakaian celana/rok panjang di rumah (p=0,003; OR=2,781; 95% CI=1,412-5,476), pemasangan kasa di jendela rumah (p=0,018; OR=2,462; 95% CI=1,166-5,200). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan faktor pelindung gigitan nyamuk yang terbukti paling berpengaruh terhadap kejadian DBD adalah pemakaian celana/rok panjang di rumah, kemudian diikuti oleh faktor pemasangan kasa nyamuk di jendela rumah.

Kata kunci: Demam Berdarah Dengue, celana/rok panjang, siswa SD

 

ABSTRACT

DHF is still remains a health problem in Indonesia, especially in Semarang City. Based on data from Semarang City Health Office at 2014, DHF affected  the age group 1-14 years as many sufferers of 1,065 (65%), in children ages 6-12 years old groups only has recorded 336 sufferers (ITP 20.6%). Several protective factors that prevent  mosquito bite in children is wearing pants/skirt length, use of repellent, installation of bednet, and installation of net mosquitoes. The aims of this research was toprove whether wearing long pants/skirt could prevent the occurrence of DHF in elementary students. The design was a case control study. Total sample was 160 children (80 children per group) selected by proportional random sampling with due regard to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data analysis was bivariate with chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression. There were variables that may prevented the incidence of DHF in school children which were wearing pants/long skirts at home (p=0.003; Or=2,781; 95% CI=1,412-5,476), installation of net mosquitoes in the windows (p=0,018; Or=2,462; 95% CI=1,166-5,200). Results of this research showed that the occurrence of DHF in children can prevented by wearing pants/long skirts at home, and the installation of net mosquitoes at windows home.

Keywords: DHF, pants/long skirt, elementary students

 


Keywords


Demam Berdarah Dengue; celana/rok panjang; siswa SD

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