Bionomik Mansonia uniformis dan Mansonia dives sebagai Vektor Filariasis pada Beberapa Wilayah di Kalimantan

Muhammad Rasyid Ridha

Abstract


Nyamuk Mansonia tersebar di seluruh dunia dan beberapa spesies berperan sebagai vektor penyakit.  Mansonia uniformis diketahui berperan sebagai vektor Rift Valley Fever (RVF) dan filariasis, sedangkan Ma. dives berperan sebagai vektor filariasis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas menghisap darah, perilaku istirahat, dan kepadatan fluktuasi setiap jam Ma. uniformis dan Ma. dives. Penangkapan nyamuk dilakukan di dalam dan luar rumah dengan metode human landing collection dan resting collection dari pukul 18.00 sampai 06.00. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan aktivitas menghisap darah Ma. uniformis dan Ma. dives di semua daerah penelitian bersifat eksofagik, sedangkan perilaku istirahat Ma. uniformis di Desa Dadahup, Pulau Ku’u dan Bangkal Ulu bersifat indoor resting, sedangkan di Kelurahan Mandomai bersifat outdoor resting. Perilaku istirahat Ma. dives di daerah penelitian lebih banyak yang bersifat indoor resting yaitu Kelurahan Mandomai dan Desa Bangkal Ulu, sedangkan Desa Dadahup bersifat outdoor resting. Fluktuasi puncak aktivitas menghisap darah dan istirahat pada Ma. uniformis di dalam dan luar rumah umumnya pada pukul 19.00-22.00, sedangkan pada Ma. dives pada pukul  23.00-01.00. Perilaku nyamuk pada suatu daerah berbeda, sehingga metode pengendalian juga berbeda.

Kata kunci: bionomik, Mansonia uniformis, Mansonia dives, filariasis, Kalimantan

 

ABSTRACT

Mansonia mosquitoes spread across the globe and several species as a vector. Ma. uniformis were known a vectors of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) and filariasis, while Ma. dives is vector of filariasis. This research aims to behavior of Ma. uniformis and Ma. dives in the form habits of blood sucking activity, resting behavior, and fluctuations density in several areas of Borneo. Natural population of Ma. uniformis and Ma. dives were collected by human landing collection and resting collection from 18:00 to 06:00 outdoor and indoor. The results showed bite activities. Ma. uniformis and Ma. dives in all areas of research are exophagic, while the rest conduct Ma. uniformis in the village Dadahup, Pulau Ku’u and Bangkal Ulu is indoor resting, while in Mandomai is outdoor resting. Behavior breaks Ma. dives in the area a lot more research that is indoor resting namely Mandomai and Bangkal Ulu Village, while the Dadahup village is exophilic. Highest fluctuations activity suck blood and rest on Ma. Uniformis in and out the house generally at 19.00-22.00, while at Ma. dives at 23.00-01.00. The behavior of mosquitoes is a difference, so the controlling method is also different.

Keywords: bionomic, Mansonia uniformis, Mansonia dives, filariasis, Kalimantan


Keywords


bionomik; Mansonia uniformis; Mansonia dives; filariasis; Kalimantan

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