Faktor Biotik dan Abiotik pada Tempat Perkembangbiakan Anopheles spp. di Desa Gunung Jati, Kecamatan Pagedongan, Banjarnegara, Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Dyah Widiastuti, Anggun Paramita Djati, Nova Pramestuti

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Potensi penularan malaria di Desa Gunung Jati, Banjarnegara perlu diwaspadai mengingat daerah tersebut merupakan daerah endemis malaria. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan kondisi lingkungan biotik dan abiotik pada tempat perkembangbiakan Anopheles spp. yang ditemukan di Desa Gunung jati, Banjarnegara. Kegiatannya meliputi penangkapan larva, pengukuran faktor abiotik dan pengamatan biota mikro pada sampel air pada bulan Mei 2015. Larva Anopheles spp. ditemukan pada genangan air di pinggiran sungai dengan kepadatan larva rata-rata 5 ekor larva per cidukan. Kondisi suhu air di semua  tempat perkembangbiakan yang ditemukan berkisar antara 26-32 °C, derajat keasaman netral, dengan intensitas pencahayaan bervariasi. Mikro alga Synedra paling sering ditemukan dari semua tempat perkembangbiakan yang diamati. Kondisi lingkungan tersebut sesuai dengan kondisi optimum yang mendukung perkembangan larva Anopheles spp.

 

Kata kunci: biotik, abiotik, tempat perkembangbiakan, Anopheles spp.

 

ABSTRACT

Malaria transmission in Gunung Jati Village, Banjarmegara needs serious attention because this village is malaria endemic area. This study aimed to investigate the biotic and abiotic environmental conditions at Anopheles spp. breeding sites in Gunung Jati village, Banjarnegara. Anopheles spp. larvae collection, measurement of abiotic factors and observation of microbiota on water samples were conducted on May 2015. Anopheles spp. larva was found  in puddles on the banks of the river with larvae density was 5 larvae per dip. Water temperature conditions in all breeding sites ranged from 26-32 oC, the degree of acidity was neutral, with varying light intensity. Synedra are the most commonly found algae from all observed breeding sites. The environmental conditions were in accordance with the optimum conditions that support the development of Anopheles spp. larvae

Keywords: biotic, abiotic, breeding place, Anopheles spp.

Keywords


biotik; abiotik; tempat perkembangbiakan; Anopheles

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