Sebaran Infeksi Leptospira Patogenik pada Tikus dan Cecurut di Daerah Pasca Banjir Kabupaten Pati dan Endemis Boyolali

Zumrotus Sholichah, Rahmawati Rahmawati

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Peningkatan kasus dan angka kematian leptospirosis terjadi di Kabupaten Pati dan Kabupaten Boyolali hingga Maret 2014. Kajian ini bertujuan menggambarkan sebaran infeksi Leptospira patogenik pada hewan reservoir terutama tikus di daerah endemis di Boyolali dan daerah pasca banjir di Pati. Penelitian dilakukan dengan rancangan cross sectional pada Maret-April 2014. Titik koordinat ditemukannya tikus dan cecurut terinfeksi Leptospira patogenik dipetakan menggunakan aplikasi Google Earth dengan buffer daya jelajah tikus. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif untuk menggambarkan sebaran tikus dan cecurut positif Leptospira patogenik. Tikus dan cecurut yang terinfeksi Leptospira sp. ditemukan menyebar dengan pola acak. Hal ini akan memperbesar risiko penularan leptospirosis.

Kata kunci: sebaran, tikus, cecurut, Leptospira

ABSTRACT

Until March 2014 leptospirosis cases and its Case Fatality Rate increased in Pati and Boyolali. This study aims to describe distribution of infected rats and shrews in flood area in Pati and endemic area in Boyolali. Research carried out by the cross sectional design on March-April 2014. Coordinate of Leptospira infected rats and shrews were mapped using google earth with home range buffer. Data analyzed descriptively to describe distribution of infected rats and shrews. Pathogenic Leptospira sp. infected rats and shrews spread with random pattern. This results could be an explanation of higher transmission risk. of leptospirosis in the area of study

Key words: distribution, rat, shrew, Leptospira



Keywords


sebaran; tikus; cecurut; Leptospira

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