POLA KEJADIAN BAYI BERAT LAHIR RENDAH DAN FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHINYA DI INDONESIA TAHUN 2010

Mochammad Setyo Pramono, Umi Muzakkiroh

POLA KEJADIAN BAYI BERAT LAHIR RENDAH DAN FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHINYA DI INDONESIA TAHUN 2010

Abstract


Background: Low Birth Weight (LBW) is still a public health problem in many countries because it is considered to be one of the causes of infant mortality. LBW can also seriously  affected the quality of future generations because it can slow the growth and development of children, and therefore contributes to a decrease of intelligence. Methods: This was a secondary data analysis, where data sources are result of Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) in 2010 with coverage of all provinces in Indonesia. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression. Results: The data of children aged 5 years and under (born in the period 2006-2010) and filled with infant birth weight is equal to 14,428 children. Of these as many as 824 children of low birth weight (5.7%). Based on descriptive data analysis provinces LBW was high among the Riau Islands (8.3%), Bali (8.9%), NTT (10%), Central Kalimantan (10.8%), South Kalimantan (9.1%) North Sulawesi (9.3%), South (9.6%) and North Maluku (11.3%) and West Papua (8.9%). Based on multivariate analysis method concluded that the incidence of LBW was influenced by maternal use of ferrous sulfate, area residence and incidence of complications during pregnancy. Mothers who are taking ferrous sulfate tablets is less than 90 LBW infants have 1.7 times the risk compared to mothers who took iron tablets 90 and above. Location of residence in the rural areas had 0.68 times the risk for LBW than women  who happen  to live in urban. Mothers who experience complications during pregnancy have 2.3 times the risk for LBW than women who happen not experience complications during pregnancy. Suggestion: The need for policies to improve the coverage  of ferrous sulfate and reduce the risk of complications in addition to education and health promotion on the risk factors of LBW in the community.

 

Key words: Low birth weight babies (LBW), ferrous sulfate, pregnancy  complications


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Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health System Research, ISSN 1410-2935. e-ISSN 2354-8738) published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia

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