Semut sebagai vektor mekanik bakteri di dalam Gedung Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu, Kalimantan Selatan: studi pendahuluan

Ika Setianingsih, Muhammad Rasyid Ridha, Syarif Hidayat, Dicky Andiarsa

Abstract


Sejumlah penelitian menemukan bahwa semut menjadi vektor bakteri patogen, sehingga diduga dapat mentransmisikan penyakit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ragam jenis semut yang ada di dalam Gedung Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu dan kemungkinan peranannya sebagai vektor mekanik bakteri. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu pada bulan Agustus hingga September 2017. Umpan yang digunakan adalah larutan gula yang dimasukkan ke dalam microtube lalu disterilkan, kemudian diletakkan di 13 ruangan yang berbeda. Identifikasi semut menggunakan Identification key to common urban pest ants in Malaysia, dilanjutkan dengan identifikasi bakteri pada uji media selektif dan biokimia. Sebelas ruangan positif ditemukan semut, yang teridentifikasi ke dalam 5 jenis yaitu Tapinoma melanocephalum, Anoplolepis gracilipes, Tetramorium sp, dan Paratrechina sp, serta Monomorium floricola. Bakteri yang berhasil diidentifikasi adalah Bacillus alvei, Bacillus badius, Bacillus insolitus, Serratia liquefaciens, Enterobacter agglomerans, dan Klebsiella ozonae, serta Enterobacter sakazakii. Semut yang ditemukan di Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu berpotensi menjadi vektor mekanik bakteri.


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JHECDs: Journal of Health Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases

p-ISSN: 2502-0447

e-ISSN: 2503-5134

Published by: Balai Litbang P2B2 Tanah Bumbu, Kementerian Kesehatan RI


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