Perbandingan Penggunaan Obat Rasional Berdasarkan Indikator WHO di Puskesmas Kecamatan antara Kota Depok dan Jakarta Selatan

Widya Kardela, Retnosari Andrajati, Sudibyo Supardi

Perbandingan Penggunaan Obat Rasional Berdasarkan Indikator WHO di Puskesmas Kecamatan antara Kota Depok dan Jakarta Selatan

Abstract


Procurement and distribution of drugs to community health centers generally performed by health office districts, such as Depok City, but in the province of Jakarta conducted by the community health centers in sub district. The purpose of the study was to compare the rational drug use among community health centers in the district of Depok City and South Jakarta. This study used a cross-sectional design conducted in treatment and non- treatment community health centers in District X Depok City and district Y South Jakarta period March-October 2011. Rational drug use data was collected in accordance with WHO procedure. Data was analyzed by Kruskal Walis test. Conclusion of the study shows that rational drug use based on prescribing indicators in community health centers in Depok City relatively better than South Jakarta, but no statistically significant (p> 0.05). Rational drug use based on patient care indicators in community health center South Jakarta is relatively better than Depok city, however, showed no statistically significant (p> 0.05). In contrast to the indicator of drug preparation time in health centers Depok relatively faster than South Jakarta, showed statistically significant (p <0.05). Rational drug use based on the indicator of national essential drugs list availability between sub-district health center in South Jakarta and Depok City is no different, but the indicators of essential drugs availability in community health centers in Depok City only 95% (not complete).


Keywords


Rational drug use; Community health centers; WHO indicators

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