Sudikno Sudikno, Sandjaja Sandjaja



Background: Anemia in women of reproductive age remains a nutritional problem in developing countries, especially among poor households. Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for anemia among women of reproductive age (WRA) in poor households. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional. The research was conducted in June-July 2011 in two selected districts, namely Tasikmalaya and Ciamis, West Java Province. A sample was 146 WRA of poor households in 24 villages selected peri-urban. The inclusion criteria include healthy WRA age 15-35 years, did not suffer serious illness (chronic or acute), severe anemia (<7 g / dl), and had been wiling to participate in research by signing an informed consent. While, the exclusion criteria were WRA who were still breastfeeding, and WRA are pregnant Results: The prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age (hemoglobin level <12 g / dl) in this study was 9.6 percent. The women of reproductive age with low ferritin status were 4.01 times likely to become anemic (95% CI: 1.03-15.48) compared with those with sufficient ferritin status after being controlled by vitamin A status and age. Conclusion: This study showed that there was a relationship between serum ferritin with anemia in women of reproductive age in poor households.

Keywords: risk factors, anemia, women of reproductive age, poor household



Latar belakang: Anemia pada wanita usia subur masih merupakan masalah gizi di negara berkembang, terutama pada rumahtangga miskin. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui prevalensi dan faktor risiko anemia pada wanita usia subur (WUS) di rumahtangga miskin. Metode: Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross-sectional. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya dan Ciamis. Sampel sebanyak 146 WUS dari rumahtangga miskin di 24 desa peri-urban yang terpilih. Kriteria inklusi meliputi WUS yang sehat, usia 15-35 tahun, tidak menderita penyakit serius (kronis atau akut), dan tidak mengalami anemia yang serius (<7 g/dl), dan bersedia ikut dalam penelitian. Hasil: Prevalensi anemia WUS (kadar hemoglobin <12 g/dl) pada peneltian ini sebesar 9,6 persen. Pada WUS dengan status feritin yang kurang berisiko untuk menjadi anemia sebesar 4,01 kali (95% CI: 1,03-15,48) dibandingkan dengan WUS dengan status feritin yang cukup setelah dikontrol oleh variabel status vitamin A dan umur. Kesimpulan: Adanya hubungan antara serum feritin dengan anemia pada wanita usia subur di rumah tangga miskin setelah dikontrol oleh status vitamin A dan umur.

Kata kunci: faktor risiko, anemia, wanita usia subur, rumah tangga miskin


risk factors, anemia, women of reproductive age, poor household


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