HUBUNGAN ANTARA ANEMIA GIZI BESI TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR ANAK SEKOLAH DI DAERAH ENDEMIK GAKI

Aniek Prihatin, Anies Irawati

HUBUNGAN ANTARA ANEMIA GIZI BESI TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR ANAK SEKOLAH DI DAERAH ENDEMIK GAKI

Abstract


Incidence of nutritional anemia iron is influenced by multiple factors not just a lackof iron intake, but also influenced by the intake of other nutrients. The prevalenceof anemia is iron nutrition of school children in Indonesia at 26.5% 2. Risk factorsfor anemia influenced food consumption patterns particularly iron. Iron causesnutritional anemia oxygen transport is reduced, and the resulting energy productionto be low so that children become easily tired, tired, weak, lethargic, negligent,quickly tired, lack of concentration. Furthermore, can lead to decreased learningachievement, labor productivity, including exercise and decreased endurance.Conducted this research with the aim of studying whether there is a relationshipbetween iron nutritional anemia of the learning achievement of school children inendemic areas GAKI. The results of this study on iron nutritional anemias get theproportion of primary school children about 25%. Consumption of low-iron about30% below the figure adequacy of nutrition. There was no significant relationshipwith the hemoglobin status of Indonesian Language test (p-value = 0.10) andhemoglobin status of the subjects Mathematics test results (p-value = 0.76).Suggestions need to do further analysis on the status of UIE levels of anemiaand the effect on learning achievement (grades in mathematics and Indonesianlanguage) in school children in endemic areas GAKI, for the management of localnutrition programs to improve child nutrition program improvement school byovercoming anemia and GAKI.

Keywords


Anemia, hemoglobin, iron, school performance, GAKI

References


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Laporan penelitian. Magelang: Balai Litbang GAKI; 2007.

Departemen Kesehatan RI. Survey Kesehatan Rumah Tangga 2001.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Zimmermann M, et al. Iron Supplementation in goittous, irondeficient

children improves their response to oral iodized oil. Eur j endocrinol 2000; 142(3):217-223

Ina Hermawati, MPH. Program Penanggulangan GAKI di Indonesia.

Seminar nasional 19 Januari 2008. Magelang.


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Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Micronutrient, p-ISSN: 2086-5198, e-ISSN: 2354-8746) is published by Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Iodium (Balai Litbang GAKI), Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia.

Kapling Jayan, Kec. Borobudur, Kabupaten Magelang

http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/mgmi

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