PENGARUH KONSUMSI TEH JINTAN HITAM TERHADAP DEPRESI POSTPARTUM

Alchalidi - -, Meliani Sukmadewi Harahap, Nora Veri

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Depression is one of the common psychological diseases, as well as in postpartum women. Postpartum depression is characterized by feelings of depression and the idea of ​​suicide. Approximately 20% to 40% of women report an emotional disturbance or cognitive dysfunction in the post-natal period. The diagnosis of postpartum depression can be established through anamnesis or patient complaints and postpartum physical examination. There are various psychiatric diagnostic measures to assess the presence of postpartum depression, one of which is the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Based on several studies, black cumin is beneficial in strengthening the immune system, overcoming sleep and stress disorders, neutralize toxins, launch milk, and additional nutrients in pregnant women and toddlers. The aim of this research was to know whether there was influence of black cumin consumption on depression in postpartum women in West Langsa Puskesmas Working Area. The research design used was quasi experiment with non randomized control group pretest-posttest design approach. Postpartum women were given black cumin tea as much as 40 mg / kg.BB / day for 15 days. The sample size was 64 people divided into two groups, namely the control group and the experimental group. Data analysis using Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and Wilcoxon test. The result showed no significant difference between the pretest and posttest values ​​in the control group with p-value 0.491 whereas in the control group there was a significant difference between depression score before and after treatment with p-value 0.000. Black cumin tea can reduce depression score in postpartum primipara women. Keywords : Black cumin, depression, postpartum women

 

ABSTRAK

Depresi merupakan salah satu penyakit psikologis  yang umum diderita, begitu juga pada ibu postpartum. Depresi postpartum  ditandai dengan perasaan depresi dan adanya ide bunuh diri. Sekitar 20% sampai 40% wanita melaporkan adanya suatu gangguan emosional atau disfungsi kognitif pada masa pasca persalinan. Diagnosis depresi postpartum dapat ditegakkan melalui anamnesis atau keluhan-keluhan penderita dan pemeriksaan fisik postpartum. Terdapat berbagai alat ukur diagnostik gangguan kejiwaan untuk menilai adanya depresi postpartum salah satunya adalah Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Berdasarkan beberapa penelitian, jintan hitam bermanfaat dalam menguatkan sistem kekebalan, mengatasi gangguan Tidur dan stress, menetralkan racun, melancarkan ASI, dan tambahan nutrisi pada ibu hamil dan balita. Tujuan umum penelitian ini adalah : untuk mengetahui apakah ada pengaruh konsumsi jintan hitam terhadap depresi pada ibu postpartum di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Langsa Barat. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah quasi eksperimen dengan pendekatan non randomized control group pretest- posttest design. Ibu nifas diberi seduhan teh jintan hitam sebanyak 40 mg/kg.BB/hari selama 15 hari. Jumlah sampel 64 orang yang terbagi kedalam dua kelompok, yaitu kelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen. Analisis data menggunakan uji Kolmogorov-Smirnov dan Uji Wilcoxon. Hasil penelitian didapatkan tidak terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna antara nilai pretest dan posttest pada kelompok kontrol dengan p-value 0,491 sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara skor depresi sebelum dan setelah perlakuan dengan p-value 0,000. Teh jintan hitam mampu menurunkan skor depresi pada ibu pimipara postpartum.

Kata kunci : Jintan hitam, depresi, postpartum


Keywords


Jintan hitam, depresi, postpartum

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Jurnal Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia (Journal of  Indonesian Medicinal Plant, p-ISSN : 1979-892X, e-ISSN : 2354-8797) is published by Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Obat dan Obat Tradisional (B2P2TOOT) Tawangmangu.

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