Evaluasi Kelambu Berinsektisida terhadap Nyamuk An. sundaicus (Diptera: Culicidae) di Pulau Sebatik, Kalimantan Utara

Sugiarto Sugiarto, Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Susi Soviana, Lukman Hakim

Abstract


Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) are used in vector control program and the maintenance of LLINs is an important factor to ensure the effectiveness of LLINs. This study aimed to analyze the effectiveness of LLINs against An. sundaicus and analyze people's knowledge, attitudes, practices (KAP) regarding LLINs. The research was conducted in the Sungai Nyamuk Village, North Kalimantan. Methods used in the researchwere the WHO Bioassay Cone Test and questionnaires of KAP for the use of LLINs. The efficacy test was carried out on several groups, the treatment groups (bed nets have beenused for six months, 12-23 months and over 24 months) and control group (bed nets without insecticide). The results showed that LLINs used for six months had the highest efficiency with mortality 24 hours of An. sundaicus is 94.13% while LLINs used for 12-23 months and more than 24 months were not effective (mortality is 71.74% and 37.33%) .KAP results showed that all respondents accepted the distribution of LLINs, but not willin gto wash the LLINs. The effectiveness of LLINs is correlated with washing the nets. The use of LLINs to prevent malaria transmission will be effective if supported by a good maintenance.

 

Kelambu berinsektisida digunakan dalam program pengendalian vektor malaria. Pemeliharaan kelambu berinsektisida merupakan faktor penting untuk menjamin efektivitas kelambu tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kelambu berinsektisida terhadap nyamuk An. sundaicus dan menganalisis pengetahuan, sikap,perilaku masyarakat terhadap kelambu tersebut. Penelitian dilaksanakan di DesaSungai Nyamuk, Kabupaten Nunukan-Kalimantan Utara. Metode yang digunakandalam penelitian ini adalah WHO Bioassay Cone Test dan kuesioner pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku (knowledge, attitute, practices-KAP) terhadap penggunaan kelambu berinsektisida. Pengujian efikasi kelambu berinsektisida dilakukan terhadapkelompok perlakuan (enam bulan, 12-23 bulan dan lebih dari 24 bulan pemakaian) dan kontrol. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kelambu berinsektisida yang telah digunakan selama enam bulan mempunyai efektivitas yang paling tinggi (94,13%). Kelambu yang telah digunakan 12-23 bulan, dan lebih dari 24 bulan menunjukkan tidak efektif karena kematian nyamuk uji adalah 71,74% dan 37,33%. Hasil studi KAP menunjukkan sikap 100% setuju untuk menerima pembagian kelambu berinsektisida, tetapi tidak bersedia mencuci kelambu tersebut. Efektivitas kelambu berinsektisida berkorelasi dengan pencucian kelambu. Penggunaan kelambu berinsektisida akan efektif mencegah penularan malaria bila didukung oleh perawatan yang baik terhadap kelambu berinsektisida tersebut.


Keywords


Effectiveness Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLiNs), washing, WHO Bioassay Cone Test, Sungai Nyamuk

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