KOMPOSISI JENIS NYAMUK DI BEBERAPA WILAYAH ENDEMIS PENYAKIT KAKI GAJAH DI KABUPATEN BANYUASIN PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN

Lasbudi Pertama Ambarita, Yulian Taviv, Hotnida Sitorus, Yanelza Supranelfy, Irpan Pahlevi

Abstract


Lymphatic filariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by filarial worms transmitted by mosquitoes vector. Banyuasin Regency is one of filariasis endemic area in South Sumatra Province. The aim of study was  to identify composition of mosquito species in endemic areas, particularly in Perambahan, Gasing Laut and Kenten Laut Villages. Mosquitoes were caught by two persons per house for 12 hours from 06.00 pm to 06.00 am at three selected houses. The caught mosquitoes were identified at the Entomology Laboratory Loka Litbang P2B2 Baturaja. The results revealed that Mansonia uniformis known as a vector of lymphatic filariasis was successfully caught in those three villages. Based on species composition, Perambahan Village possessed the highest number of mosquitoes species (13 species), followed by  Kenten Laut  and Gasing Laut Villages for 11 and 9 species, respectively. The moesquitoes species caught in this study were Ma. dives, Ma. bonneae, Ma. uniformis, Ma. indiana, Ma. annulata, Culex fuscocephalus, Cx. Quinquefasciatus, Cx. hutchinsoni, Cx. sitiens, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, Cx. gellidus, Aedes albopictus, and Ae. aegypti. Although Ma. dives was the most abundant mosquito (23,1%) in Perambahan Village, however Cx. gelidus (35,1%) predominated over Kenten Laut Village. In addition, Cx. quinquefasciatus (58,2%) was the highest mosquito population distributed in Gasing Laut Village. The species composition study and information of mosquito population are very useful as a guidance on determining vector control programe conducted by stakeholders or scientists.

 

 

 


 


Keywords


Mosquitoes, Lymphatic filariasis, Banyuasin Regency

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