PENGARUH PENGETAHUAN TERHADAP INFEKSI BRUCELLA PADA MANUSIA, TINGKAT PENDIDIKAN, LAMA BEKERJA, RIWAYAT DEMAM DAN UMUR TERHADAP PERILAKU CUCI TANGAN SETELAH KONTAK DENGAN SAPI PERAH

risqa novita

Abstract


Abstract

Brucellosis is an infectious disease  from livestock  animals as dairy cattle, beef, goats and sheep to humans by bacteria Brucella sp. Brucellosis causing fever undulant and disorders reproduction in humans but their mortality rates are low. The majority of dairy farmers did not know if brucellosis can spread to humans. The level of knowledge of  dairy farmers is needed to considered several factors related to good management dairy practices such as washing hands after contact with dairy cattle. Washing hands is one of biosecurity way to ensure animal and human health and avoiding brucellosis. The research aims to understand the influence of the knowledge of brucellosis in humans , the level of education, the duration of working , the history of fever and age against the behavior of washing hands after contact with the dairy cattle. The number of respondents based on the proportion test, as many as 18 people worker who selected as criteria inclusion were give the  close questionnaire that contains questions to know knowledge of human brucellosis, demographic data and  washing hand after contact with the dairy cattle. The research results that only 33.3 % of respondents who know human brucellosis, 66.7 % of respondents did not know if brucellosis can infect human .As many as 61.1 % of respondents did not wash their hand after contact the dairy cattle. Variable age,the duration of working in dairy farm  and the history of fever have p value<0.02. Conclusion: variable age , the duration of working in dairy farm and the history of fever have impact on behavior washing hand after contact with the dairy cattle.

Keywords: Human brucellosis, dairy cattle, washing hand

Abstrak

Brucellosis merupakan penyakit menular dari hewan ternak seperti sapi perah, sapi potong, kambing dan domba ke manusia oleh bakteri Brucella sp. Brucellosis menyebabkan demam undulan dan gangguan reproduksi pada manusia serta tingkat kematian yang rendah. Mayoritas peternak belum mengetahui jika brucellosis dapat menular ke manusia. Tingkat pengetahuan peternak perlu dinilai beserta beberapa faktor terkait agar diketahui praktek manajemen ternak seperti kebiasaan cuci tangan setelah kontak dengan sapi perah.  Cuci tangan merupakan salah satu langkah biosekuriti untuk menjamin kesehatan hewan dan manusia serta terhindar dari brucellosis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pengetahuan terhadap brucellosis pada manusia, tingkat pendidikan, lama bekerja, riwayat demam dan umur terhadap perilaku cuci tangan setelah kontak dengan sapi perah. Jumlah responden ditentukan berdasarkan uji proporsi, sebanyak  18 orang pekerja yang sesuai kriteria inklusi terpilih sebagai responden. Responden diberikuesioner tertutup yang berisi  pertanyaan  untuk mengetahui pengetahuan terhadap brucellosis manusia, data demografi responden dan perilaku mencuci tangan setelah kontak dengan sapi perah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  hanya 33.3% responden yang mengetahui brucellosis dapat menginfeksi manusia, sebesar 66.7% responden tidak mengetahui jika brucellosis dapat menginfeksi manusia. Sebanyak 61.1% responden tidak mencuci tangan setelah kontak dengan sapi perah. Variabel umur, lama bekerja di peternakan sapi perah dan riwayat demam undulan memiliki nilai p<0.02. Kesimpulan : variabel umur, lama bekerja di peternakan sapi perah dan riwayat demam undulan berpengaruh terhadap perilaku mencuci tangan setelah kontak dengan sapi perah

Kata kunci: Brucellosis pada manusia, peternak sapi perah, cuci tangan


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P-ISSN : 2085-868X

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Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia


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p-ISSN: 2085-675X

e-ISSN: 2354-8770

Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is a scientific journal published by the Center for Research and Development of Biomedical and Basic Health Technology, Board of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. The journal publishes original research articles in pharmaceutical science such as Pharmaceutical Technology, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Traditional Medicines, and Pharmaceutical Care.

The journal was established in 2009 while online publication has been started from 2015. The journal is published in Bahasa Indonesia and English.  Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia is biannual, open access, peer-reviewed, and online pharmacy journal. Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia aims to serve the updated scientific knowledge for researchers in pharmaceutical fields. There is no charge for submitted manuscript as well as for processing manuscript. The journal has been registered with e-ISSN 2354-8770, and p-ISSN 2085-675X and accredited by Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) with Decree No. 581/Akred/P2MI/LIPI/09/2014.

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