ANOPHELES SUNDAICUS VEKTOR MALARIA DI DAERAH PANTAI BEKAS HUTAN MANGROVE DI KECAMATAN PADANG CERMIN, KABUPATEN LAMPUNG SELATAN, INDONESIA

N. Sushanti Idris-Idram, M. Sudomo, Soejitno Soejitno, Saptoro Saptoro

ANOPHELES SUNDAICUS VEKTOR MALARIA DI DAERAH PANTAI BEKAS HUTAN MANGROVE DI KECAMATAN PADANG CERMIN, KABUPATEN LAMPUNG SELATAN, INDONESIA

Abstract


This study was carried out from January 1992 to December 1993 in Sidodadi village of Padang Cermin Subdistrict of South Lampung Regency. The objective of the study is to confirm malaria vector in the study area. The potential vectors species of mangrove deforested coastal areas were caught indoors and outdoors by using night human-landing collection. One species i.e Anopheles sundaicus which was caught in October 1993 was infected with malaria parasites of both Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax, as incriminated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) done on mosquito. In that month, the sporozoite rate was 1.4% and the man biting rate (MBR) was 47.8 mosquitos/night-person. The transmission level was very high with an inoculation rate of 66.9% or every two days. This vector species was found throughout the year with a peak abundance in September to December. There is no correlation between the rainy season and the seasonal population density (r = - 0,37).


Keywords


Anopheles Sundaicus; Malaria vector; Mangrove deforested coastal areas; ELISAs

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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research, p-ISSN: 0125-9695. e-ISSN: 2338-3453) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
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