GAMBARAN KERAGAMAN MAKANAN DAN SUMBANGANNYA TERHADAP KONSUMSI ENERGI PROTEIN PADA ANAK BALITA PENDEK (STUNTING) DI INDONESIA

Hermina Hermina, Sri Prihartini

GAMBARAN KERAGAMAN MAKANAN DAN SUMBANGANNYA TERHADAP KONSUMSI ENERGI PROTEIN PADA ANAK BALITA PENDEK (STUNTING) DI INDONESIA

Abstract


Conditions that potentially interfere with the fulfillment of nutrients, especially energy and protein in children aged 0-3 years will cause a problem of growth disorders in children under five (24-59 months). The aim is to assess proportion of food diversity and contribution to energy and protein consumption among children under five (24-59 months) stunted and not stunted. Data used in this analysis are secondary data base of health research (Riskesdas) in 2010. A total of 6796 children aged 24-59 months include the variable child's age, height, nutrient consumption and family characteristics (family head education, occupation and family income) were anlyzed for the purpose. Nutrient intake data were analyzed with the program nutrisoft while nutritional status processed by the program antro WHO, 2007. Data analysis using chi square test and anova. Food consumption was normal toddlers (24-59 months) is more diverse than the short toddlers. Food consumption was normal toddlers (24-59 months) is more diverse than the short toddlers. The diversity of these foods is approached with the hope offood pattern score (PPH), which is normal toddlers PPH score at 96.6, while among short toddlers at 88,4. Significantly more short toddler who suffered a deficit of energy and protein compared with normal toddlers (P = 0.000).


Keywords


Diversity of food, energy, protein, children under five, stunted

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Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research, p-ISSN: 0125-9695. e-ISSN: 2338-3453) is published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Ministry of Health of Republic of Indonesia
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