DOES BREASTFEEDING INTENTION AMONG PREGNANT MOTHERS ASSOCIATED WITH EARLY INITIATION OF BREASTFEEDING?

Tria Astika Endah Permatasari, Ratu ayu Dewi Sartika, Endang Laksminingsih Achadi, R. Urip Purwono, Anies Irawati, Dwiana Ocviyanti, Evi Martha

Abstract


Background: Early initiation of breastfeeding is defined as breastfeed started immediately after birth delivery up to one hour , and it will lead to  successfull exclusive breastfeeding. Skin-to-skin contact during early initiation of breastfeeding gives positive health impact to both mother dan baby. However, national coverage of early initiation of breasfeeding in Indonesia was 34,5% in 2014 which was lower than global coverage (50%).

Objective: To examine the relationship of  of  breastfeeding intention among pregnant mothers towards early initiation of breastfeeding in two Mother and Child Hospitals, in South Tangerang.

Methods: A prospective study conducted in August-November 2016. A sample of 152 third trimester pregnant mothers were from the 2 selected hospitals, taken by purposive sampling.  Early breastfeeding initiation (EBI) was measured by interview based structured questionnaire and breastfeeding intention measured by The Infant Feeding Intention scale (IFI).

Results: A total of 56.6% of mothers breastfeed  during 1 hour after delivery. EBI was done by 71.1% of mothers with high breastfeeding intention. It was the most dominant variable related to early breastfeeding (p = 0.000; OR=5.249;95%CI:2.321-11.870) after controlling other variables.

Conclusion: Mother with high breastfeeding intention 5 times more likely to initiate breastfeeding, than those having the low ones. Early promotive, preventive and intervention can be done by measuring breastfeeding intentions during pregnancy. Further research is needed to analyze breastfeeding  initiation towards exclusive breastfeeding.

 


Keywords


early initiation of breastfeeding, breastfeeding intention, exclusive breastfeeding, The Infant Feeding Intentions scale (IFI), skin-to-skin contact

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